Hypotenuse, Adjacent And Opposite Sides Of A Right Triangle
Sides Of A Right Triangle
Hypotenuse, Adjacent and Opposite Sides.
In the following right triangle PQR,
- the side PQ, which is opposite to the right angle PRQ is called the hypotenuse. The hypotenuse is the longest side of the right triangle.
- the side RQ is called the adjacent side of angle θ.
- the side PR is called the opposite side of angle θ.
Note: The adjacent and the opposite sides depend on the angle θ. For complementary angle of θ, the labels of the 2 sides are reversed.
Identify the hypotenuse, adjacent side and opposite side in the following triangle:
a) for angle x
b) for angle y
a) For angle x: AB is the hypotenuse, AC is the adjacent side , and BC is the opposite side.
b) For angle y: AB is the hypotenuse, BC is the adjacent side , and AC is the opposite side.
The following diagram show how to use SOHCAHTOA for a right triangle.
How to identify the Opposite Sides, Adjacent Sides and Hypotenuse of a Right Triangle?
Definition of Cos, Sin, Tan, Csc, Sec, Cot for the right triangle
sin x = opposite/hypotenuse
cos x = adjacent/hypotenuse
tan x = opposite/adjacent